There has been a ‘eureka’ moment for the researchers of Indian Institute of Science (IISc). They claim to have discovered a new template for bone tissue regeneration by using 3-D scaffolds of graphene composites as they simulate the bone environment.
The use of synthetic material as a 3-D support is basically used in the field of ‘tissue engineering’. It involves use of synthetic material as a 3-D support structure to help cells grow and heal and subsequently restore original tissues that often undergo damage from various diseases or injury caused by accidents.
These are mostly used while transplanting an organ in human body from a healthy donor. However, sometimes even devices compensate organs.
Dr. Kaushik Chatterjee and his team at IISc’s department of Materials Engineering have been up and under this for quite some time. The paper of their discovery was published online in the Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. They investigated how and why cells respond differently and they attempted making a Polycaptolactone (PCL) scaffold stronger by adding Graphene. The end result was stronger and PCL alone and biodegradable as well. It was soft in nature making it unsuitable for use as a template for bone engineering.
"PCL is a biodegradable polymer and by itself is a very soft scaffold. This makes it unsuitable for use as a template for bone engineering", the research paper states. The paper of their discovery was published online in the Journal of Biomedical Materials Research.