According to recently released Census 2011 data, around 41 percent of India's is below the age of 20 years. Around 50% of the country’s population is in the 20-59 age group brackets, while remaining 9% is above the age of 60.
The latest census 2011 shows that Muslims in the country have the highest proportion of children and teenagers among all religions.
In August last year, the census data on religion had shown that the Muslim community in India had registered a moderate 0.8% percent growth to touch 17.22 crore in the 10-year period between 2001 and 2011, up from 13.8 crore, while country’s Hindu population had shown a decline by 0.7% percent at 96.63 crore during the period. The data also revealed that the Christian population is 2.78 crore (2.3%), Sikh 2.08 crore (1.7%), Buddhist 0.84 crore (0.7%), Jain 0.45 crore (0.4%), other religions and persuasions (ORP) 0.79 crore (0.7%) and religion not stated 0.29 crore (0.2%).
However, more alarming than the data on religious communities, was the data on education. The Census data released in November had revealed that only 4.5% percent of the population in the country is educated upto the level of graduate or above while a majority of 32.6% population is not even educated upto the primary school level.
The growth rate of population in the decade 2001-2011 was 17.7%. As per 2001 census, India's total population was 102 crore.