A team of researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have created one of the highest-resolution 3D maps of the dark matter. The discovery offers detailed evidences for the existence of the elusive particles believed to make up about 80% of the universe. It is also believed to be the most accurate map of the dark matter ever created.
“With the data of these three lensing clusters we have successfully mapped the granularity of dark matter within the clusters in exquisite detail,” said Priyamvada Natarajan, astrophysicist at the Yale University in the US. “We have mapped all of the clumps of dark matter that the data permit us to detect, and have produced the most detailed topological map of the dark matter landscape to date,” said Natarajan.
The high-resolution simulations used in the study, known as the Illustris suite, mimic structure formation in the universe in the context of current accepted theory.
Importantly, the Dark Matter has long been intriguing scientists with its anonymous traits and uncertain movements and for a fact, despite its larger coverage; the concept of dark matter is still poorly understood by the scientists. However, now, in a scientific advancement, a team of researchers including an Indian-origin has developed the most detailed map of Dark Matter, which is expected to pave new paths for further exploration and clarity on its origin, movement, nature, etc. The findings appear in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.