According to a new report, India has ranked number one in having the highest number of people in the world trapped in modern slavery with over 18 million victims of forced labour.
According to the 2016 Global Slavery Index, released by Australia-based human rights group Walk Free Foundation on 25th May, an estimated 45.8 million people, including women and children, are subject to some form of modern slavery throughout the world, this is over 30% increase compared to the 2014 figures. These people are enslaved in various slavery tasks ranging from prostitution and begging.
Global Slavery Index, published by Australia-based Walk Free Foundation, defined slaves as people exploited through the use of threats, violence, coercion and abuse of power or deception and the person is forced to face continuous exploitation.
China (3.39 million), Pakistan (2.13 million), Bangladesh (1.53 million) and Uzbekistan (1.23 million) were behind India in the list. The index said that these five countries combined accounted for almost 58% of the world’s enslaved, or 26.6 million people.
The countries with the highest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by the proportion of their population are North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, Cambodia, India, and Qatar. The countries with the lowest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by the proportion of their population are Luxembourg, Ireland, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden, Belgium, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
India has however made significant progress in introducing measures to tackle the problem. North Korea has the highest incidence (4.37% of the population) and the weakest government response to deal with it. Other governments taking the least action to combat modern slavery include Iran, Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea, Hong Kong, Central African Republic, Papua New Guinea, Guinea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan.