According to the Elsevier Report 2016, commissioned by the India’s Department of Science and Technology (DSIT), “India's most impactful field in terms of research output is engineering while its most prolific in terms of citations are chemistry and pharmacology”.
The report takes into consideration India's contribution in the field of science and technology in terms of volume of research papers, global share and citation impact and says that India's scientific publications grew 13.9%, as against the global average of 4.1%, during 2009-13.
Various indicators have been shown in the report which indicates India has a small but growing share of the world's total scholarly output.
1. India's share of the world's science and technology scholarly output has grown from 3.1% in 2009 to 4.4% in 2013-from 62,955 papers in 2009 to 106,065 papers in 2013
2. India's share of the world's patent citations increased from 2.2% in 2009 to 2.9% in 2013
As per the report, "Although India is still a relatively small player on the global scientific stage, its wide-ranging collaboration network and increasing share of the world's main?research performance indicators reflect its overall growth in output, impact and knowledge transfer".
According to Sujit Bhattacharya, senior principal scientist, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies, "As a whole, there is a promising trend as more Indian research is included in global journals and more institutes are regularly making appearances in such databases. It has also been seen that collaboration is expanding to not just include OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) partners, but others such as Brazil, China and Iran. But publishing in high-impact journals is not visible to the extent one would expect from a country like India”.
Exemplified by four premier Institutes the report mentions the following:
1. The Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, is the most prolific and in the most number of subjects, with the highest number of publications between 2009 and 2013 in six of the 16 subject areas, which include physics and astronomy, biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology, material science, chemistry, mathematics, and earth and planetary sciences.
2. The Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, has the most publications in engineering and chemical engineering, and the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, has the most in the energy area.
3. Anna University, in Guindy, Chennai, tops both in computer and environmental sciences, while Banaras Hindu University leads in three subject areas-agricultural and biological sciences, immunology and microbiology, and veterinary sciences.
4. The Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, and Annamalai University, in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, take the lead in medicine, pharmacology, toxicology and pharmaceuticals.
Moreover thirteen of the 30 top academic institutions have a strong specialization in engineering, while the most common specialized subject areas are chemistry, engineering, physics and astronomy.