The latest Global Report on Urban Health released by the UN-Habitat and WHO has found that Four Indian cities rank among top 50 cities across the world to report the highest number of road accident related deaths. These cities include - Chennai, Jaipur, Indore and Delhi.
As per the research the number of persons killed per 100,000 population in Chennai is the second highest across the major selected cities, at 26.6, next to Fortaleza, the capital of the Brazilian state of Ceara. Tamilnadu ranks second after Uttar Pradesh in the road accident deaths with men comprising the majority of the victims. In Tamil Nadu, the urban areas such as Chennai, Coimbatore and Tiruchi, which are thickly populated with heavy flow of traffic, free roads seem to contribute in large to this problem. Chennai apparently tops the state list.
Jaipur ranked 4th, Indore 16th while Kolkata, Delhi and Bangalore took 23rd, 24th, and 25th positions. Mumbai was ranked 40th.
The report also says that over 1.25 million people died each year as a result of road traffic crashes. It also said that India accounted for more than two lakh of those deaths, a rise of 46% compared to last year's data collected by National Crime Bureau Records (NCBR). Importantly, the road traffic injuries are the 8th leading cause of death in the world, and they are the number one killer of people in the age group 15-29 years. The research also reveals that Women comprise only one-fifth of the death cases.
According to an another analysis by Save Life Foundation, an NGO committed to improve road safety, 90% of road traffic deaths occur in low and middle-income classes that account to 54% of the world's vehicles. While pedestrians and cyclists are more vulnerable to these deaths, the country does not have any specific laws to protect them, accounting to 35% of the total accident death cases.