An Indian-origin scientist, Gaurav Sharma, 38, who is originally from Meerut and now working at Battelle Memorial Institute in Ohio State University has managed to develop a technology using which a paralysis patient can move his limbs with just the help of thoughts. The remarkable development was made by researchers at the Battelle Memorial Institute in Ohio in the US, in a clinical study in collaboration with the Ohio State University (OSU).
Gaurav was a lead investigator on the project in which Neurosurgeons at OSU surgically implanted a computer chip that enables messages to travel from patient’s brain to his limbs, bypassing the damaged spinal cord. Thus, enabling the patient, regaining the use of fingers, hands and wrists, the signals are then routed as electrical pulses to a sleeve wrapped around Ian’s arm that stimulates the muscles to enable hand movement in real time. While, the patient thinks of moving his hand the chip records his brain signals and the algorithms decode his intent.
The study shows what is possible and offers hope for movement restoration to millions of people worldwide who live with paralysis.
According to the Indian scientist, “Our next step is to make the algorithms and hardware more robust so that patients can take it home with them and use it in their everyday lives”.
One of the co-inventor Dave Friedenberg, algorithms and data analysis lead for NeuroLife at Battelle, said, “The difference is the connection is made outside of his body using technology, instead of inside his body via the spinal cord”.
Gaurav Sharma hails from Meerut city, in Uttar Pradesh, India, His father VK Sharma retired from a public sector bank. His invention, despite being a slow process and not as ‘natural’, it is still beneficial and can help hundreds of patients in the long run. However, the technology is still under tests but will definitely benefit loads once it sees the light of the day!